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Geology and Ecosystems
  Großes Bild
 
Geology and Ecosystems
von: Igor S. Zektser, Brian Marker, John Ridgway, Liliya Rogachevskaya, Genrikh Vartanyan
Springer-Verlag, 2007
ISBN: 9780387292939
392 Seiten, Download: 24603 KB
 
Format:  PDF
geeignet für: Apple iPad, Android Tablet PC's Online-Lesen PC, MAC, Laptop

Typ: B (paralleler Zugriff)

 

 
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Inhaltsverzeichnis

  Contents 5  
  Contributing Authors 9  
  Foreword 12  
  Acknowledgments 15  
  About the Editors 16  
  PART I: GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT AS A BASEMENT FOR THE FORMATION OF ECOSYSTEMS 20  
     Chapter 1 CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTIONS OF THE GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT: BASIC FEATURES, STRUCTURE AND SYSTEM OF LINKS 20  
        1. INTRODUCTION 20  
        2. GENERAL FEATURES OF THE INTRA-FLANETARY EVOLUTION OF MATTER AND ENERGY 20  
        3. CONTEMPORARY GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 22  
     Chapter 2 THE GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT AND ECOSYSTEMS 28  
     Chapter 3 INFLUENCE OF MODERN GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES ON EVOLUTION OF ECOSYSTEMS 34  
     Chapter 4 GEOLOGICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL INFLUENCES ON ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEMS 39  
        1. INTRODUCTION 39  
        2. GEOLOGICAL INFLUENCES 40  
        3. GEOCHEMICAL INFLUENCES 49  
        4. CONCLUSIONS 64  
     Chapter 5 THE ROLE OF TECTONIC PROCESSES IN THE INTERACTION BETWEEN GEOLOGY AND ECOSYSTEMS 66  
        1. INTRODUCTION 66  
        2. LONG- TERM TECTONIC IMPACTS 67  
        3. MEDIUM- TERM TECTONIC IMPACTS 67  
        4. NEAR- TERM TECTONIC IMPACTS 68  
        5. SAG POND AND VERNAL POOL ECOSYSTEMS 72  
        6. TECTONICS AND FORMATION OF SERPENTINE- CONTROLLED ECOSYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA 75  
        7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 76  
        8. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 77  
     Chapter 6 KARST AND ECOSYSTEMS 78  
        1. ABSTRACT 78  
        2. INTRODUCTION 79  
        3. KARST OF NORTH LITHUANIA 81  
        4. CONCLUSIONS 92  
  PART II: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES Chapter 7 GEOENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF MINERAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT 94  
     Chapter 8 GROUNDWATER AS A COMPONENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT 108  
        1. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION 108  
        2. INFLUENCE OF GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION ON RIVER RUNOFF 109  
        3. INFLUENCE OF GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION ON VEGETATION 112  
        4. INFLUENCE OF GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION ON LAND SUBSIDENCE 117  
     Chapter 9 GROUNDWATER USE AND PUBLIC HEALTH 123  
     Chapter 10 METHODS OF GROUNDWATER POLLUTION RISK ESTIMATION FOR ECOSYSTEM SUSTAINABILITY 128  
     Chapter 11 URBANISATION AND THE GEOENVIRONMENT 137  
        1. INTRODUCTION 137  
        2. GROWTH AND RENEWAL IN URBAN AREAS 138  
        3. MANAGEMENT OF THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT 141  
        4. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES OF SOME URBAN ISSUES 147  
        5. INFORMATION, GUIDANCE AND COMMUNICATION 158  
        6. CONCLUSIONS 160  
     Chapter 12 ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTS OF DISCHARGED WATERS UPON ECOSYSTEMS 162  
        1. INTRODUCTION 162  
        2. THE INVESTIGATION METHODS 165  
        3. CHARACTERIZATION OF ECOSYSTEMS IN THE PROJECT AREA 165  
        4. ECOLOGICAL SITUATION IN THE AREA NEAR AYAZKALA LAKE 166  
        5. ECOLOGICAL SITUATION IN THE REGION OF THE AKCHA- DARYA OLD CHANNEL AND DELTA 168  
        6. ECOLOGICAL SITUATION IN THE BADAI-TUGAI NATURE RESERVE 169  
        7. ASSESSMENT OF PERMISSIBLE ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR HYDROMORPHIC TUGAI AND SOLONCHAKOUS ECOSYSTEMS 171  
        8. CONCLUSIONS 173  
     Chapter 13 IMPACT OF TECHNOGENIC DISASTERS ON ECOGEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 174  
     Chapter 14 EXOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES AS A LANDFORM- SHAPING FACTOR 183  
        1.INTRODUCTION 183  
        2. THE WORK OF WEATHERING 184  
           2.1 Freezing and thawing 184  
           2.2 Temperature changes 184  
           2.3 Organic action 185  
           2.4 Differential weathering 185  
           2.5 Unloading 185  
           2.6 Chemical action 185  
        3. FEATURES OF MASS WASTING 186  
        4. SCENERY SHAPED BY STREAMS 187  
        5. LANDFORMS IN LIMESTONE 190  
        6. DUNE LANDFORMS 190  
        7. COASTAL FEATURES 191  
           7.1 Sandy coastlines 191  
           7.2 Rocky coastlines 191  
        8. GEODYNAMIC RISK MAP 191  
     Chapter 15 ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF GROUNDWATER POLLUTION 194  
  PART IV: MEDICAL PROBLEMS RELATED TO GEOLOGY AND ECOSYSTEM INTERACTION 205  
     Chapter 16 HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOSYSTEMS 205  
        1. INTRODUCTION 205  
        2. BACKGROUND 205  
        3. TRACE ELEMENT EXPOSURE 206  
        4. DEFICIENCY AND TOXICITY 209  
        5. INTERACTIONS, SPECIATION AND BIOAVAILABILITY 212  
        6. SELENIUM DEFICIENCY IN CHINA 214  
        7. GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS AND MEDICAL GEOLOGY EXAMPLES OF CHRONIC ARSENIC AND FLUORINE POISONING 215  
        8. RADON - COMMON IN MANY PLACES 218  
        9. IODINE AND FLUORINE 220  
        10. GEOPHAGIA - DELIBERATE EATING OF SOILS 221  
        11. NATURALLY OCCURRING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN DRINKING WATER 223  
        12. GLOBAL DUST 224  
        13. CONCLUSIONS 225  
     Chapter 17 MEDICAL AND ECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE WATER FACTOR 227  
  PART V: PREDICTION OF THE GEOENVIRONMENTAL EVOLUTION OF ECOSYSTEMS 236  
     Chapter 18 PREDICTION OF EXOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 236  
        1. INTRODUCTION 236  
        2. SPATIAL PREDICTIONS 238  
        3. TEMPORAL PREDICTIONS 239  
        4. THE ll- YEAR CYCLE 241  
        5. PREDICTION BASED ON ANALYSIS OF INTEGRAL CURVES OF MODULAR 243  
        6. PREDICTION BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF PARTS OF THE 11- YEAR SOLAR CYCLE 246  
        7. PREDICTIONS BASED ON CORRELATION-REGRESSION ANALYSIS 247  
        8. PREDICTIONS BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS 249  
        9. ENGINEERING- GEOLOGICAL MAPS OF EXOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 250  
     Chapter 19 PREDICTION OF ENDOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 254  
     Chapter 20 MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE GEOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT 257  
  PART VI: NEWESTECOGEOLOGICAL PROCESSES WITHIN RIVER BASINS 286  
     Chapter 22 ECOSYSTEM MONITORING UNDER DESERTIFICATION WITHIN INTERIOR SEA-LAKES AND DELTAS 254  
        1. INTRODUCTION 286  
        2. INVESTIGATION METHODS 287  
        3. STRUCTURE OF THE MAP 292  
        4. TRENDS IN ECOSYSTEMS AND LANDSCAPES DYNAMICS 292  
        5. EXOGENIC PROCESSES 295  
        6. CONCLUSION 298  
     Chapter 23 ECOSYSTEMS FORMING ON THE FRESH RIVER DEPOSITION 300  
        1. INTRODUCTION 300  
        2. MORPHOLOGY, MORPHODYNAMICS AND VEGETATION 301  
        3. HYDRODYNAMICS AND VEGETATION 3.1 Flora 301  
        4. VEGETATION SUCCESSIONS 305  
        5. CONCLUSIONS 305  
     Chapter 25 MONITORING GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES AS PART OF GENERAL ENVIRONMENT MONITORING 312  
        1. GROUNDWATER MONITORING 312  
        2. MONITORING OF HAZARDOUS EXOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES BY MEANS OF REMOTE SENSING METHODS 319  
     Chapter 26 GEOLOGY AND HIGH- LEVEL NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL - A BRIEF OVERVIEW 327  
        1. INTRODUCTION 327  
        2. NUCLEAR WASTE - SOURCES AND QUANTITIES 328  
        3. DISPOSAL CONCEPTS FOR HIGH- LEVEL NUCLEAR WASTE 329  
        4. SELECTION, CHARACTERISATION AND MODELLING OF HLW REPOSITORY SITES 332  
           4.1 Predictive modelling 333  
           4.2 Site Selection. 334  
     Chapter 27 MONITORING ENDOGENIC GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES 336  
     Chapter 28 PERMAFROST MONITORING 341  
        1. INTRODUCTION 341  
        2. SOURCES OF INFORMATION, HISTORICAL REVIEW AND METHODOLOGY OF THE PERMAFROST MONITORING 2.1 Sources of information and historical review 342  
        3. MAJOR RESULTS OF PERMAFROST MONITORING IN UNDISTURBED NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS 344  
        4. MAJOR RESULTS OF PERMAFROST MONITORING IN TECHNOGENICALLY-DISTURBED ENVIRONMENTS 4.1 Mining industries 352  
        5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 354  
     Chapter 29 ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF GEOLOGY STUDENTS 355  
  REFERENCES 362  
  INDEX 387  


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